World Sight Day: Increase in diabetes leads to vision loss, experts say


Chennai:

Hospitals in the city have witnessed a rapid rise in diabetic retinal disease, due to an increase in diabetes in the country, due to lack of prompt treatment, the disease causes irreversible vision loss, said health experts on World Sight Day (October 14). It is estimated that by 2040 India will have the second highest number of diabetes cases in the world with a commensurate increase in preventable vision loss cases.

Diabetic macular edema (DME) is one of the main causes of blindness. These are chronic and progressive retinal diseases that can be managed effectively with early detection and prompt treatment. But despite a great improvement in medical facilities in India, the hospital has experienced an increase in visual impairment in recent years, which is mainly due to poor awareness of eye diseases among patients.

Dr Rajiv Raman, Senior Consultant for Vitreoretinal Services, Sankara Nethralaya, said: “We have seen a rapid increase in diabetic retinal disease, due to the increase in diabetes in India, where prompt diagnosis and treatment is critical. of utmost importance without which the disease can progress and can lead to irreversible vision loss. Particularly in the elderly and those with co-morbidities such as diabetes, should undergo annual routine eye screening, as this will aid early detection and prompt treatment. “In addition, it is estimated that by 2040 India will have the second highest number of diabetes cases in the world with a commensurate increase in preventable vision loss cases,” he added.

According to research, 17.6-28.9% of diabetics suffer from diabetic retinopathy in the country, which largely affects India’s working age population. For a country of 1.3 billion inhabitants, this translates into a significant disease burden as well as impacts on the quality of life, productivity and the economy.

“If a patient is diagnosed with diabetes, an eye exam is mandatory every six months because the blood sugar affects the small blood vessel, making it weak and there would be fluid or blood leakage. When they are at this stage of blood leaking from the eye, there will be sudden loss of vision, and we are getting more patients for the same problem because they do not receive treatment at the initial stage, ”said the Dr Triveni. , Senior Consultant – General Ophthalmology and Cataract Surgeon, Dr Agarwal’s Eye Hospital.

“Patients with diabetes should see a doctor when they have fluid leaks, so that they can be prevented from the next step (blood leaking from the eyes) by controlling blood sugar levels. And performing surgery at this stage is difficult; it’s not easy like other eye surgery patients, ”she added.


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