Rospotrebnadzor has decided to lift restrictions for those who have been in contact with infected people

Rospotrebnadzor head Anna Popova in an interview with Naila Asker-zade on the Vesti program on the Rossiya 1 TV channel said that the restrictions for citizens who have been in contact with people infected with the coronavirus are losing their sense due to the characteristics of the new omicron strain.

According to Popova, the department is currently considering the abolition of these restrictions.

Properties of the omicron: very rapid transmission, unoccupied beds and a very large number, which is important, of asymptomatic carriers in specific gravity. Special actions to limit contact simply lose their meaning. This is important for infections caused by another epidemiological process – with measles, with mumps. Today we are working to formalize everything properly and talk about the cancellation

Anna PopovaHead of Rospotrebnadzor

Russian President Vladimir Putin also announced the abolition of this part of the anti-COVID measures.

According to him, this is due to the peculiarities of the course of the disease caused by the omicron strain of coronavirus infection. “The general conclusion is that even restrictions on so-called contact persons can be lifted in the near future,” the Russian leader said.

“Easy Prey”

Ancha Baranova, Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor at the School of Systems Biology at George Mason University (USA), said that children are easy prey for the omicron strain of coronavirus because of the property that allows it to enter cells directly, bypassing the TMPRSS2 cell protease.

The specialist explained that previous variants of COVID-19, such as alpha and delta, needed this protease to infect human cells.

Omicron has learned to penetrate directly into cells, without involving the cellular protease TMPRSS2. There is a lot of this protease in adults, but very little in children. Thus, children were once better protected: the coronavirus needed a protease to penetrate cells. For him, children were difficult prey.

Ancha BaranovaDoctor of Biological Sciences, Professor, School of Systems Biology, George Mason University (USA)

At the same time, Tatyana Shilova, ophthalmologist, doctor of medical sciences, expert of the State Duma Committee on Health Protection, noted that people with certain eye diseases are more vulnerable to infection with ‘omicron.

The risk group includes those whose mucous membrane is already damaged by a destructive process. Then any infectious agent, including the coronavirus, is more likely to get inside

Tatiana Shilova Ophthalmologist, doctor of medical sciences, expert of the State Duma health protection commission

Deputy director of the Central Research Institute of Epidemiology in Rospotrebnadzor, infectious disease specialist Alexander Gorelov, meanwhile, stressed that anyone who has never had COVID-19 is predisposed to infection with omicron. .

reinfection

Baranova said COVID-19 can fall ill again immediately after recovering. She explained that this can happen if the patient initially had omicron BA.1, and then was infected with another lineage – BA.2, otherwise known as “stealth omicron”.

The specialist noted that the BA.2 omicron line has now been found in almost all countries, including Russia. According to the biologist, the probability of falling ill immediately after recovery depends on the immunity of the population.

To put it quite bluntly, the probability of getting sick with an omicron in the month after the delta, say, is 2%. Within two months – already five percent. etc But it is impossible to say which percentage group a particular person will fall into. In other words, it is theoretically possible to be infected the day after recovery, but the risk is low. And the longer the time passes after the illness, the higher the likelihood of reinfection.

Ancha BaranovaDoctor of Biological Sciences, Professor, School of Systems Biology, George Mason University (USA)

The Russian Health Ministry’s chief independent infectious disease specialist, Vladimir Chulanov, in turn named the proportion of people who fall ill again with COVID-19. According to him, this represents about 5% of the population.

Chulanov added that the risk group includes citizens in poor health, including those who do not develop immunity after illness or vaccination. He clarified that they also include people with primary immunodeficiency.

According to the expert, a person can fall ill with COVID-19 several times and this will not lead to an “overload” of immunity.

Additional measures

On January 22, the Russian government approved and began implementing a plan of additional measures to combat the omicron strain. The heads of the regions, on behalf of Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin, must ensure the implementation of the plan and take the work under personal control.

“The government is beginning to implement a plan of additional measures to combat the spread of a new strain of omicron coronavirus in Russia and prepare the healthcare system to help people with COVID-19,” the website reported. of the Cabinet.

Mishustin also instructed the Health Ministry to assess the readiness of medical facilities to roll out additional beds for coronavirus patients.

The regions and the Ministry of Health should increase the volume of screening of the population. In addition, Mishustin instructed the Ministry of Digital Transformation to ensure the availability of the 112 service for a possible increase in the number of applications from citizens.

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