Mapping India’s Healthcare Innovation (HIE) Ecosystem – Lavishness or Gold Dust ?, Health News, ET HealthWorld


By: Anurag Wasnik & Rohan Kar

Innovation ecosystems are inherently linked and complicated and this complexity is further compounded as the entire Indian health ecosystem is confused in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The impact of COVID-19 on the Health Innovation Ecosystem (HIE) has been so radical that the relationship between stakeholders or the stakeholders themselves has changed dramatically. In such a scenario, the health innovation ecosystem mapping exercise can help decision-makers define new roles and conjunctions between different stakeholders.

An HIE card can provide answers to questions such as “Where exactly is the innovation going?” Which stakeholders allow / influence it? What are the gaps in the innovation ecosystem? What are we doing to close these gaps accurately and quickly? ”In addition, mapping can also help reveal key areas of innovation and disruptors today and help chart the future direction of the business. innovation in healthcare Atal’s Ecosystem Development Team (EDT) The Innovation Mission (AIM), NITI Ayog, was tasked with mapping India’s ecosystem of post-pandemic healthcare innovation.

Approach to ecosystem mapping

The Indian HIE has lagged somewhere behind in delivering its true value to end consumers. And, one of the determinants of these inconsistencies has been the lack of clearly defined correlations between the roles and responsibilities of the different stakeholders within the HIE. This has both social and monetary implications for patients. The following three-step approach can be followed to create an effective and informative ecosystem map:

Creation of the stakeholder matrix – it is essential to define and classify the stakeholders within the HIE as primary, secondary or tertiary, and this can be done by assessing them on three dimensions – legality, power and urgency. In addition, the matrix should contain information on the role of each stakeholder (catalysts or influencers), their specific functions and how many of them exist.

Creation of the ecosystem map “as is” – It is essential to build around “what is the current state?” The idea behind the map as it is is to use a 2 * 2 matrix to map the correlation between stakeholders according to policies, schemes, existing start-ups, innovations, innovation programs , etc. the analysis can be done using a fishbone diagram to identify both gaps and interventions.

Creation of the down-the-line ecosystem map – “? HIE 5 years later and can act like a utopia, which the Indian HIE should aspire to achieve.

Is HIE mapping a solution to all of our health problems?

Imagining, enabling and nurturing a vibrant healthcare innovation ecosystem should be the way forward in a developing country like India. The task is not simple and would require the coordinated efforts of all stakeholders, state and non-state. Nonetheless, HIE mapping is a step in the right direction. An effective ecosystem map can help:

1. Decipher the missing correlations within the HIE.

2. Strategy Development Before Prioritizing – Identify strategic investment opportunities that deliver cutting-edge affordable and accessible health services, regardless of the cost involved, versus prioritizing opportunities based on any other variable.

3. Build a market – for the smallest innovation, emanating from the most remote part of the country. Innovations create competition and this is only optimal for the end goal of making advanced health care accessible and affordable for all Indians.

4. Identify avenues for strategic partnerships and collaborations – with the private sector and other interested parties, domestic and foreign.

It is absolutely imperative for policy makers to set short-term goals, work in sprints, put in place a mechanism to regulate compliance and ensure accountability. Being proactive rather than reactive would help. It is the prerogative of every Indian to have a healthcare delivery system equipped to deal with the burden of the next pandemic and not be the one who collapses under the burden of the same pandemic. Now is the right time to start blowing the winds of change.

Anurag Wasnik & Rohan Kar, innovation manager, Mission Innovation Atal (AIM), NITI Ayog

(DISCLAIMER: Opinions expressed are those of the author and do not necessarily subscribe to it. will not be liable for any damages caused to any person / organization directly or indirectly.)


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