Conjunctivitis with dry eye syndrome: Common eye diseases you can get in the summer. Know the treatment

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eye diseases

In the summer, we see an increase in the number of people going to eye doctors with a red eye. The scorching sun brings a lot of discomfort to your body in many forms. Severe heat waves and the sun’s rays are sources of concern for your eyes in this season. However, eye problems can affect anyone at any time of the year, but during the summer season certain types of problems may be more likely to develop. Here are some of the common problems your eyes suffer from during summers.

1. Dry eye syndrome

Dry eye is a deficiency in one of the components of the tear film that can lead to loss of tear film stability. Dry eye will cause the tear film to break down rapidly and dry spots to appear on the ocular surface. Due to the summer season, the tear film on the eye evaporates faster, causing burning sensation and eye irritation. Instillation of artificial lubricating eye drops, avoiding air conditioning, etc. may provide some relief.

2. Eye allergies

In summer, there is more dust, pollen and several other substances in the air, which can cause eye allergies. Small insects also thrive in numbers during the summer season, and their residues can spread through the air and cause an allergic reaction in the eyes. The change in weather usually aggravates all forms of allergies in spring and summer.

3. Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye, is the inflammation of the white part of the eye caused by a virus or bacteria. In summer season, there is an increase in cases of pink eye in hospitals. Conjunctivitis presents as redness of the eyes with a stinging sensation, sticky discharge, and tearing. It is a contagious disease, that is to say, it is transmitted by touch. It can be direct or indirect, that is, the same objects are touched by an infected person and then by a normal person. Contrary to popular belief, conjunctivitis or pink eye is not spread by looking into the patient’s eyes.

4. Tired eyes

Summer can mean an increase in your social gatherings. In hot weather and climate, vacations, parties and other summer activities can keep you awake and cause tired and irritated eyes. For tired eyes, your best option is to give your eyes a break by getting enough sleep. Also, avoid using digital screens as these can make the situation worse.

5. Photokeratitis

Ultraviolet (UV) rays can burn the surface of the eye causing pain, redness, blurring and temporary loss of vision. The high dose of UV rays during the summer can be harmful to the eyes in several ways. These can lead to the formation of a coating on the surface of the eye, cataracts, retinal problems, etc. You can avoid this by wearing sunglasses with 100% UV protection.

(The author is Dr. Sudheer Verma, Senior Consultant, Sharp Sight Eye Hospitals)

(Disclaimer: The opinions expressed in this article are those of the author. They do not reflect the views of India TV)

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